Use: 20OFFSPRING  Save up 20% on all Corofy Real Estate courses. Ends April 8, 2024

Assessment Review Board: Real Estate License Explained

A real estate board with various property images and assessment papers
In this article

In the world of real estate, there are many factors that come into play when assessing the value of a property. One essential aspect of this process is the Assessment Review Board (ARB). This governing body is responsible for ensuring fairness and accuracy in property assessments, which plays a crucial role in the real estate industry.

What is Assessment Review Board?

The Assessment Review Board, commonly known as the ARB, is an independent organization that oversees property assessments and resolves assessment-related disputes. Its primary purpose is to provide a fair and impartial forum for property owners to challenge their assessments if they believe they are incorrect or unfair.

The ARB is made up of knowledgeable and experienced professionals who understand the intricacies of property valuations and the real estate market. These individuals review evidence, hear arguments from property owners and assessors, and make objective decisions based on the applicable laws and regulations.

Property assessments play a crucial role in determining property taxes, as they directly impact the amount of tax that property owners are required to pay. The ARB’s decisions can have significant financial implications for property owners, making it essential for the board to operate with transparency and expertise.

Moreover, the ARB process typically involves hearings where property owners present their case and provide evidence to support their claims. This allows for a thorough examination of the assessment in question and ensures that all relevant factors are considered before a final decision is reached.

Understanding Assessment Review Board

The ARB acts as a quasi-judicial body, which means it functions akin to a court. However, it is vital to note that the ARB’s role is limited to property assessment matters and does not encompass other legal issues. Its main goal is to provide an accessible and transparent process for property owners who believe their assessments are incorrect.

When a property owner files an appeal with the ARB, they are given an opportunity to present evidence supporting their case. This evidence may include recent property sales data, documentation of property improvements or damages, or any other relevant information that could impact the property’s assessed value.

It is important to understand that the ARB operates independently from the entity responsible for property assessments, ensuring impartiality in the review process. The board typically consists of members with expertise in real estate, property valuation, and legal matters, who carefully evaluate the evidence presented by both the property owner and the assessing authority.

Moreover, the ARB’s decisions are based on a preponderance of evidence standard, meaning that the property owner must demonstrate that it is more likely than not that their property has been incorrectly assessed. This standard helps maintain fairness and consistency in the board’s rulings, ensuring that decisions are made objectively and in accordance with established guidelines.

Why Is Assessment Review Board Important?

The ARB plays a critical role in ensuring fairness and accuracy in property assessments. By providing an avenue for property owners to challenge their assessments, it helps maintain transparency in the real estate market. Without the ARB, property owners might feel powerless in the face of potentially inaccurate assessments, which could lead to unfair taxation and financial burdens.

Furthermore, the ARB’s existence helps instill confidence in the real estate industry. When property owners know they have a recourse to address assessment discrepancies, it promotes trust and transparency, which are vital for a healthy real estate market.

One key aspect of the ARB is its composition. Typically, ARBs consist of independent members who are knowledgeable about property valuation and assessment processes. These members are often appointed based on their expertise in real estate, law, or finance, ensuring that the board can make informed decisions regarding assessment disputes.

Moreover, the ARB operates within a framework of rules and regulations designed to safeguard the rights of property owners. These guidelines outline the procedures for filing assessment appeals, conducting hearings, and rendering decisions. Adhering to established protocols helps maintain consistency and fairness in the assessment review process, benefiting both property owners and the overall integrity of the real estate market.

Example of Assessment Review Board

Let’s take a closer look at a hypothetical scenario to better understand the ARB’s role. Imagine Mr. Anderson, a homeowner, receives an assessment notice indicating that his property has increased in value significantly. However, Mr. Anderson disagrees with the assessment, as he believes the value is inflated due to recent changes in the neighborhood that negatively impact the property’s desirability.

Mr. Anderson decides to file an appeal with the ARB. Upon his appeal, he gathers evidence demonstrating the recent decline in property values in his area, including sales data, neighborhood crime rates, and changes in local infrastructure. During the hearing, Mr. Anderson presents his evidence before the ARB, which carefully reviews all the information provided.

After careful consideration, the ARB determines that Mr. Anderson’s assessment does not accurately reflect the current market conditions. They adjust the assessed value of his property accordingly, resulting in a fair and equitable outcome for Mr. Anderson.

It is important to note that Assessment Review Boards (ARBs) are typically composed of individuals with expertise in real estate, property valuation, and local market trends. These board members undergo training to ensure they can fairly evaluate appeals and make informed decisions based on the evidence presented.

During the appeal process, property owners like Mr. Anderson have the opportunity to present their case, including any documentation or expert opinions that support their position. This allows for a transparent and thorough review of the assessment, ensuring that property values are assessed accurately and fairly across the board.

Why Is Assessment Review Board Important in Real Estate?

In the real estate industry, accurate property assessments are crucial for several reasons. First and foremost, property taxes are often based on the assessed value of a property. If the assessment is incorrect, property owners may end up paying too much or too little in taxes, leading to financial hardships or potential legal issues.

Moreover, property assessments influence property sales and transactions. Prospective buyers and sellers rely on accurate valuations to make informed decisions. Inaccurate assessments can distort market perceptions and hinder fair negotiations between buyers and sellers.

Property assessments are not only vital for tax purposes and real estate transactions but also play a significant role in urban planning and development. City planners and policymakers use property assessments to understand the distribution of property values within a community. This information helps in making decisions regarding infrastructure development, zoning regulations, and public service allocation.

Additionally, accurate property assessments contribute to the overall economic stability of a region. When properties are assessed correctly, it ensures a fair distribution of tax burden among property owners, preventing disparities and promoting a more equitable tax system. This, in turn, fosters a conducive environment for sustainable growth and development within the real estate market.


The Assessment Review Board is an essential part of the real estate landscape. By providing a fair and transparent process for property owners to challenge their assessments, it ensures accuracy and fairness in property valuations. The ARB’s involvement promotes trust and confidence in the real estate market while safeguarding property owners from potential financial burdens. Understanding the role and significance of the ARB is essential for both property owners and industry professionals alike.

Who is Corofy?

Before being a school, Corofy is a community. Our founder, Eddy Boccara, started his real estate career as a real estate salesperson looking for a side hustle. Since then, he’s had a passion for New York real estate and specifically the talented individuals that take the leap to get their real estate license and help this industry progress. Eddy created Corofy with one goal in mind: to provide people with quality real estate education that actually helps them build a career they can be proud of.

New York Online 77-hour Real Estate Pre-Licensing Course

Engaging Online Real Estate Course Content

Our New York online real estate course is designed to help you stay engaged and pass the New York real estate exam. With this in mind, our pre-licensing course includes:

Fun activities & quizzes

Chapter review summaries

Easy to follow content

Careers tips and advice

Memory cues to help you learn